Wednesday, July 9, 2014

Nicosia: The City

The city of Nicosia (also known as Lefkosia) is centrally located, yet towards the northern part, in the Nicosia district of Cyprus. 

Nicosia has existed since ancient times, yet it was known as the ancient city-kingdom of Ledra, which was built by the Achaeans after the Trojan War.  Ledra remained a small farming area, until Byzantine times.

In 965 AD, Nicosia became the capital of Cyprus, after the destruction of Salamis in 647 AD.  Over the years, the city has been destroyed and rebuilt several times, while ruled by the Lusignans, Venetians, Ottomans, British, etc.

In 1960, Nicosia became the capital of the Republic of Cyprus, yet it's been a divided city since 1974.  Today, Nicosia is considered the only divided capital in the world, and it's divided into Nicosia and Northern Nicosia, which will be featured in a future blog post.

There are Green Line checkpoints and areas to officially cross between Nicosia and Northern Nicosia.  The Ledra Palace and Ayios Dometios crossings were opened in 2003, while the Ledra Street crossing opened in 2008.

Today, this non-coastal city is the capital and largest city in Cyprus.  Some sites to explore in the city of Nicosia include the Famagusta Gate, Ledra Shopping Street, Ledra Street Observatory, Leventis Municipal Museum, Liberty Monument, Nicosia Municipal Gardens, The Mall of Cyprus, etc.

For both tourists and locals, the city of Nicosia is enjoyable to explore.

Site: City of Nicosia. 

Category: City. 

Location: Non-coastal city, centrally located towards the north, within the Nicosia district of Cyprus. 

Phone Number: N/A. 

Operating Hours: N/A. 

Entrance Fee: Free. 

Date of Visit: 2008 to 2014.

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