Friday, June 20, 2014

Tamassos Archaeological Site

The Tamassos Archaeological Site (also known as Tamasos Archaeological Site and the Ancient Town of Tamassos) is located near Politiko Village, about 20 km from the city of Nicosia, within the Nicosia district of Cyprus.
 


Tamassos was possibly inhabited in the 8th century BC, yet it's considered that the ancient city-kingdom of Tamassos was founded by Trakofryes around 4,000 BC.  Tamassos was considered an ancient industrial city with workshops and mines, particularly for copper.

During the 4th century, the king of Tamassos sold the city to the Phoenicians of Kition, and then he moved to Amathus.  During the 1st century AD, it's believed that the city of Tamassos had Christian influences in Cyprus.

Tamassos declined in the 10th century, when the mines were exhausted and then abandoned.  Later, the city of Tamassos was replaced by smaller settlements, including Politiko and Episkepeio.

Today, this ancient city is mostly buried beneath the villages of Politiko, Episkopio, Psimolofou, Ergates, Pera Orinis, Kampia, Analyontas, Kapedes, etc.  Thus, archaeological excavations are unfortunately limited.  However, there have been excavations in some of the accessible areas of Tamassos.

In 1889, 1890, and 1894, excavations focused ancient tombs from the Late Bronze Age and the Royal Tombs from the Cypro-Archaic period.  Near the tomb entrances, six intact limestone sculptures of lions and sphinxes were discovered, and today, theses ancient sculptures, as well as other ancient artifacts from Tamassos, are on display at the Cyprus Archaeological Museum in Nicosia.

In 1970 to 1980, excavations of Tamassos uncovered defensive walls from the Archaic period, as well as the Sanctuary of Aphrodite (also known as the Temple of Aphrodite).  It was built during the Cypro-Archaic period, yet destroyed and rebuilt several times over the years, including the Hellenistic period.

From 1980 to 1990, the Tamassos excavations focused on the Royal Tombs, Necropolis, Copper Workshops, and other ancient buildings in Tamassos that date back to the Archaic, Classical, and Hellenistic periods.
 
In 2007, more excavations discovered a Chalcolithic site of Tamassos.  In 2010 and 2013, archaeological excavations revealed Tamassos ancient ruins and artifacts from the Bronze Age.
 


The Tamassos Archaeological Site is an interesting place to visit, while exploring this area of Cyprus.


Site: Tamassos Archaeological Site. 

Category: Archaeological Site. 

Location: Near Politiko Village, about 20 km from the city of Nicosia, within the Nicosia district of Cyprus.

Phone Number: 22622619 and 99218525. 

Operating Hours: 8:30 AM to 4:00 PM on Monday to Friday; and closed on Saturday and Sunday, during winter months.  9:30 AM to 5:00 PM on Monday to Friday; and closed on Saturday and Sunday, during summer months. 

Entrance Fee: €2,50. 

Date of Visit: 2013.

No comments:

Post a Comment