Thursday, June 19, 2014

Kition Acropolis Ruins

The Kition Acropolis Ruins are located near the Larnaca District Archaeological Museum in the city of Larnaca, within the Larnaca district of Cyprus.
 

Kition (also known as Citium) is considered one of the oldest ancient city-kingdoms in Cyprus, and it was well-known as a rich sea port and major copper trade center.  It's believed that some of the ancient ruins of Kition are buried beneath the modern city of Larnaca. 

Kition is actually two sites: Kathari and Pampoula.  Kathari is considered the main Kition Archaeological Site, which was featured in a previous blog post, while Pampoula (also known as Bamboula) is the Kition Acropolis Ruins.

The Kition Acropolis Ruins are situated on Pampoula Hill (also known as Bamboula Hill), which is located immediately behind the Larnaca District Archaeological Museum.

During the 9th century BC, the first sanctuary was built at this site by the Phoenicians.  In the 5th and 4th centuries BC, more sacred buildings were added.  The sanctuaries were dedicated to Astarte (the Phoenician version of Aphrodite) and Melkart (the Phoenician version of Heracles).

 This area continued to be inhabited until the Hellenistic period, according to excavations in 1913, 1929, 1976, etc.  Some of the ancient artifacts discovered in the Kition Acropolis Ruins are on display at the nearby museum.

 
While exploring the Larnaca District Archaeological Museum, plan to visit the Kition Acropolis Ruins.
 

Site: Kition Acropolis Ruins. 

Category: Archaeological Site. 

Location: On Pampoula Hill, next to the Larnaca District Archaeological Museum in the city of Larnaca, within the Larnaca district of Cyprus. 

Phone Number: N/A. 

Operating Hours: Daylight hours. 

Entrance Fee: Free. 

Date of Visit: 2011 and 2013.

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