Tuesday, May 6, 2014

Makronisos Archaeological Site

The Makronisos Archaeological Site (also known as the Makronisos/Macronisos Tombs and the Necropolis of the Hellenistic and Roman Period) is situated at the Makronisos Beach, which is located near Potamos Village and the city of Ayia Napa within the Famagusta district of Cyprus.

This archaeological site is an ancient burial site that consists of nineteen rock-cut tombs, a small sanctuary, and an ancient quarry.  These nineteen tombs date back to the Hellenistic period (around 323 BC to 30 BC) and the Roman period (around 30 BC to 324 AD).

Since 1872, this ancient site was the target of illegal digging, until proper excavations began in 1989 through 1990.

According to a sign at the site, "A typical tomb consists of a steeped dromos [passageway] which leads to a rectangular stomion (entrance).  The entrances were originally sealed with one large or two smaller calcarenite slabs.  Most of the chambers are almost identical.  They are all provided with a rectangular trench in the middle, slightly lower than the floor of the dromos and three benches at the sides of the chamber.  The pyres found on the surface by the dromos give evidence of the practicing of Greek burial customs.  Some of the tombs have an additional loculus carved on the longitudinal axis of the tomb opposite the entrance, while another is provided with four benches at the sides and one opposite the entrance, thus providing room for five internments.  The dead were placed in clay sarcophagi which were originally covered with three flat tiles.  One of the sarcophagi found at this site is displayed at the Thalassa Municipal Museum."

The Makronisos Archaeological Site is a common site to visit, while exploring the Makronisos Beach.

Site: Makronisos Archaeological Site. 

Category: Archaeological Site. 

Location: Makronisos Beach, near Ayia Napa, within the Famagusta district of Cyprus. 

Phone Number: N/A. 

Operating Hours: Daylight hours. 

Entrance Fee: Free. 

Date of Visit: 2011.

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